What Technology Haves And Haves Nots
The world is a victim of many social ills reflected by terrorism, crimes, poverty and very poor health in less privileged communities. The haves-not part of the world carries all the indicators of these social ills. Technology and innovation also divide both parts of the world giving leap-frog progress to those who have resources and leaving behind who do not have resources.
We appreciate the technology and innovation impact on developed society at the cost of rising difference with the less developed world. The correlation of per-capita income and innovation index endorses this theory. The vicious circle of technology is backed by an- supporting actors in the less developed world. The speed of new technologies is very fast and disables the runner-ups to catch the winners.
The fundamental rules of technology rights need to be changed to ensure its role in creating equality in the world
The Technology Birth
New inventions and innovation mostly occur in the developed societies. The phenomenon of innovativeness is backed by quality education systems, sophisticated markets, high level of networking, supporting infrastructure, well equipped and functioning laboratories, compliance of standards, Government proactive support and numerous financial aid programs present in the society. The less developed world very much lacks in these enablers of the society. This blocks the birth of frequent innovativeness. Contrarily, the presence of these enablers in the advanced world produces the unmatchable speed of technology birth.
The Technology Consumption
The advanced world has higher per capita income and resultantly the larger disposable income. This leads to higher likelihood of spending on new technologies. The people buy high tech gadgets and daily life things. The high per capita income creates higher sophistication in the society which increases consumption of new innovations. Contrarily the poor part of the world has less sophisticated life and no disposable income to spend on new technologies. They go for cheap solutions. The ever-growing debt on the people of the less developed world also discourages use of advanced technologies. The governments pay big pie of revenue for debt services and little is left for development projects in the country.
The Technology Exploitation
The conversion of new ideas into innovative products and services also requires strong supporting factors in the society. They all exist in the developed world prominently. They include very strong IP protection, good governance, availability of venture capital, capacity building and mentoring of startups, and high tech universities to help in technology exploitation. Most importantly, the people are risk takers and the failure is rewarded and appreciated. The less developed world misses all these enablers which make the technology exploitation very difficult.
The Piracy and Corruption
The less developed world lack resources and face the serious issue of corruption and piracy. The governments of the less developed world are known for corruption which trickles down to the society. The people find out their way into technology through piracy and imitation. This reduces the quality of products and also weakens the growth in innovativeness. The developed world loses the big market due to IP protection, high prices of technology and licensing fee. The imitation does not bring good prices for anyone in the production process from owner to labours and poverty remains intact in the society. Exceptionally, the china and few countries did break the vicious circle by inviting production of innovative products and exploited their cheap labour. The restless developed countries are large in numbers and could not replicate this success example.
Special Technology Rights
The vicious circle of technology dominance by advanced world needs to have a break. The very less developed world needs to be marked as “technology preferred countries”. They need to be offered technology through license but at no-cost. There should be a program of international donors to support technology capitalization and diffusion in these “technology preferred countries”. The program should also provide finance and build the capacity of local investors to invest and market new technologies in their countries.
Conclusion: Why Special Technology Rights
The piracy and imitation of innovative products keep the poor countries poor and make the original innovators lose the big market. The speed of new technologies in the market is increasing the divide between original innovators and imitators. This leads to a vicious circle of technology divide between haves and haves-not.
Alternatively, the less developed world needs to be supported to get out of technology poverty and become original thinker and innovators. This requires the rise of the society to get accustomed to high tech products and services.
The technology cost should be lowered to the minimum level or set free. The investors of “technology preferred countries” need financial and non-financial support to produce original products and sell at cheaper prices. This will increase technology level equality in the world and transfer the same impact of equality in other aspects of the society. This will increase innovative capacity of the society to turn from imitators to original thinkers and inventors.
This will reduce the divide between haves and haves-not and alleviate technology poverty.